Construction To Start on Test Line For 1000 km/h Maglev Train in China

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Robison Wells
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Chinese construction companies are preparing to build a line in Datong, North China's Shanxi Province, in which they will test the world's fastest ground vehicle—a low-vacuum maglev high-speed train with a top speed of 1000 km/h (621 mph).

The Chinese public currently uses a 600 km/h (372 mph) train, located in Qingdao, East China's Shandong Province.

This new line, if successful, will travel faster than commercial aircraft, which typically max out at around 800 km/h. During the first phase, builders will construct a two-kilometer line, scheduled to be completed in June 2022. They plan to test the equipment in July.

The overall building plan includes a 60-kilometer line, with 15 more miles built in two years.

"Maglev and hyperloop systems are only part of the new era of transportation. A route of at least 50 kilometers is necessary to test various aspects, including the vehicle itself, as well as signals, command systems, and routines," Wang Dashui, a railway transport engineer, told the Global Times.

Low-vacuum magnetic levitation high-speed trains use superconducting magnetic levitation to lift the train off the ground; this eliminates friction resistance.

United States engineers tested a maglev train in November of 2020; it traveled at 160 km/h. However, global analysts say China is more likely to break the 1000 km/h record than any other country because of its extensive and advanced existing rail system, which has more than 38,000 kilometers of track. Japan represents the second most advanced country in maglev technology; they own 20% of the world's maglev patents (as opposed to China's 43%).

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